Ramadan fasting for pregnant and breastfeeding women: what to do?

  • The scholars have differed as to whether a woman who missed fasts due to her pregnancy or due to breastfeeding should make up the days she has missed (i.e. make al-qadā’) or feed a poor person for each day missed (i.e. give fidyah) and not make up.
  • Or, is she to both make up the fast, and feed a poor person for each day missed? Over this, the scholars have presented their views based on their evidences.
  • The stronger position and Allah knows best, is that she only needs to feed a poor person for each day she missed due to pregnancy or breastfeeding.
  • Ibn ‘Abbās (رضي الله عنه) saw the mother of his child who was either pregnant or breastfeeding, so he said: “You are from those who fasts with much difficulty. Upon you is to feed in the place of your fast, a poor person for each day missed, and there is no making up the missed days upon you.” Its chain of narration is saheeh. Reported by At-Tabari in his Tafseer, 2/136; Ad-Dāruqutni in his Sunan, 2/206, and he said, “Its isnad is saheeh.”
  • Ibn ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه) was asked about a woman pregnant woman who fears for her unborn child, so he responded: “Let her break her fast and feed a poor person for each missed day one mudd of wheat.” Its chain of narration is saheeh. Reported by Ash-Shāfi’i in Al-Musnad (with tarteeb of As-Sindi), 1/278; Al-Bayhaqi in his Sunan al-Kubra, 4/230.

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