Shu’ayb’s AS people are referred to in the Qur’an both as Midianites (Madyan) (7:85, 11:84, 22:44, 29:36) and as dwellers in the thorn bush or companions of the wood, as-hab al-aykah (15:78, 26:17. 38:13, 40:14). According to some commentators, the aykah means a thick forest; others say it means “thorny bush,” referring to a kind of twisted or twining tree, which grew in the area. Al-Aykah is also said to have been the name of the capital city of Shu’ayb’s AS people, located at the site of Tabuk in what is now Saudi Arabia.
The story of Shu’ayb AS is the last of the stories of the five warner-prophets whose entire communities were destroyed by catastrophic divine punishments, the others being Nuh, Hud, Saleh, and Lut, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon them all.